Greek Olympic Games PENTATHLON to MODERN PENTATHLON
A Hundred Years Of Evolution
PLEASE TAKE A MOMENT TO SEE THE HISTORY OF PENTATHLON
The Pentathlon (consisting of running the length of the stadium, jumping, throwing the spear, throwing the discus and wrestling) was introduced for the first time at the 18th Olympiad in 708 BC and held a position of unique importance in the Games. It was considered to be the climax, with the winner ranked as “Victor Ludorum”.
708 BC › Introduced at the 18th Olympiad
Becomes an Olympic sport
Modern Pentathlon becomes an Olympic sport at the 5th Olympiad in Stockholm (SWE) and the five sports are spread across five days, a format that continues until 1996 with the exception of three Games (1920, 1984 and 1992) where a four-day format is used. Sweden are the dominant force in the early years, until Hungary becomes strong in the 1960s and then it becomes gradually more open worldwide.
Perfect Shooting Score
Charles Leonard (USA) becomes the first Modern Pentathlete at the Olympic Games to achieve a perfect shooting score of 200.
Establishment of UIPM
The UIPM is founded by Sven Thofelt (SWE) who serves as President until 1971. In the same year the inaugural UIPM World Championships are held, with Stockholm again the historic first venue.
Introduction of New Scoring System
A new scoring system is introduced, whereby a points total is allocated to each performance and the overall scores are aggregated to determine finishing positions.
A new beginning
For the first time at the UIPM World Championships, women are admitted, albeit only on a trial basis.
First UIPM Women’s World Championship
The first UIPM Women’s World Championships duly takes place in London, separate from the men’s event which takes place in Poland.
4 Day Event
The Olympic Modern Pentathlon is compressed into four days, with shooting scheduled to take place five hours before the final running event. Also, starting positions in the run are decided by handicap according to performances in the first four events. For the first time, the first competitor across the finish line is the champion.
Introduction of Relay Event
The Men’s World Championships introduces a relay event, adopted two years at the Women’s World Championships.
A legendary President
Dr H.C. Klaus Schormann (GER) becomes UIPM President, a position he holds to this day.
Revolution in Shooting Event
Shooting undergoes a major change at the UIPM World Championships in Sheffield (GBR), where the weapons change and 25m moving targets are replaced by 10m stationary targets.
One Day Event
The one-day format is introduced at the Olympic Games in Atlanta (USA) and proves very successful. The team event is discontinued
Single World Championships
Sixteen years after its introduction, the UIPM Women’s World Championships ceases to exist and men and women join forces to create a single World Championships.
Inclusion of women in Sydney Olympic Games
The Olympic Games catches up with the inclusion of women in Sydney (AUS) to great acclaim. The freestyle swimming event is fixed at 200 metres, and the running distance is switched from 4000 to 3000m.
Introduction of Combined Event
The Combined Event of shooting and running is introduced, and there is another change to the shooting format in that competitors now run three 1000m laps, each prefaced by hitting five targets.
Introduction of Laser Shooting
Laser pistol shooting is piloted at the 1st Youth Olympic Games in Singapore and the Mixed Relay is added to the UIPM World Championships.
A new beginning!
The MPFI got affiliation from the Indian Olympic Association (IOA)
An Olympic Century
Modern Pentathlon celebrates its centenary as an Olympic sport. UIPM President Dr Klaus Schormann states: “UIPM is proud and happy that we could finish our process of modernising our sport in the year 2012, which was our 100-year anniversary of being in the Olympic Games.”
A new concept!
UIPM proposes a revolutionary new concept for the sport which would see all five events staged in the same stadium. On February 11, in Lausanne, the IOC announces that Modern Pentathlon has retained its place as one of the 25 core sports of the Olympic programme until 2020. The Combined Event adopts a new format of 4 x 800m laps, each prefaced by laser shooting at five targets within a maximum time of 50 seconds.
Introduction of Fencing Bonus Round
The Fencing Bonus Round is approved at UIPM Congress and scheduled for introduction in 2015. The new format offers all athletes the chance to win bonus points to top up their score, and all the action takes place on a showpiece piste. UIPM joins the International Paralympic family and the University sports family by becoming affiliated to the IPC and FISU respectively.
First UIPM Laser-Run World Championship
The first UIPM Laser-Run World Championships are held in Perpignan (FRA). The simple new concept of run/shoot as a standalone sport allows cities to host UIPM events as well as rural and stadium venues, and it offers a new route into the sport for athletes from developing nations worldwide.
Modern Pentathlon made an entry in School National Games
Modern Pentathlon became a regular sport in the School National Games in India.
A new start!
Modern Pentathlon became a part of National Games in India after a tough span of 5 years.